Emmeline Pankhurst was a militant champion of women's suffrage whose 40-year campaign achieved success in the year of her death, when British women obtained full equality in the franchise.
Her skill with
the media event, from disrupting political meetings to outright arson landed her several times
in jail where she organized hunger strikes. During WW I she visited the United States, Canada, and
Russia to encourage industrial mobilization of women.
She abolished some of her father's reforms but she encouraged the development of education and art, founding Russia's first university (Moscow) and the Academy of Arts (St.Petersburg) and building the famous Winter Palace.
During her reign Russia followed a pro-Austrian foreign policy which led to hostility with Prussia during the Seven Year's War.
Elizabeth's death led to a withdrawal of Russia from the war and assured Frederick the Great's victory.
In 1917 she became an energetic organizer of voluntary service for the war effort and later of women's and minority rights. She lobbied for her husband for Governor of New York, then in 1932, for President.
Eleanor Roosevelt became a well-known public figure when she undertook nationwide tours on behalf of Roosevelt's New Deal policy in 1933. During World War II she visited and inspired troops in the Pacific and after the war she was appointed as delegate to the United Nations, where she helped draft the Declaration of Human Rights.
Her last public position was on the Commission on the
Status of Women (1961).
She used her influence
on the king's action during the continuing campaigns against the English. Her power gained her
many enemies, and her death at 28 was said to have been due to poisoning.
During the 1850's she lived in Ontario where she acted as an adviser to John Brown. Later she moved to Auburn, New York, and during the Civil War she worked as nurse, scout and spy for the Union army.
After the war she founded a home
for black people in Auburn, finaced by the sale of Sarah Bradford's biography 'Harriet Tubman, the Moses of her people'.