Brothers Montgolfier
Jacques-Etienne 1745-1799

Joseph 1740-1810

French paper manufaturers and inventors of the hot-air balloon.

In 1782 Jospeh Montgolfier devised a means of inflating a silk container with hot air by suspending it over fire. A year later the two brothers launched a hot air balloon, which was 9 meters in diameter and rose to 2000 meters, remaining aloft for ten minutes. Later that year Etienne launched several balloons in Paris; one flight lasted 25 minutes and carried two passengers.

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