1218 - 1291
German King

Rudolph of Habsburg was chosen king by German princes in an Imperial election in 1273 following the chaotic period of the Great Interregnum.

Rudolph I became the first of a long line of  Habsburg emperors. He was recognized by Pope Gregory X on his promise to renounce all imperial rights in Italy and to lead a new crusade.

French influence at the papal court, however, prevented Rudolph from being crowned Holy Roman emperor by the pope.

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The Habsburg Dynasty