c.230 - 274
Queen of Palmyra
Zenobia, called 'The Queen of the East' was the ruler of the Greek-Arab state of
Palmyra in Syria.
She was the wife of the King of Palmyra; after her husband died she became sole ruler. Zenobia tried to carve an empire out of the Roman possessions in the East. When her armies occuppied Egypt the emperor Aurelian sent an army to stop her.
Zenobia's army was defeated and Palmyra subjected
by the Romans. Zenobia was captured but made such impression on the emperor that
he freed her and gave her an estate near Tivoli.