c.310 - 379
King of Persia

Shapur II succeeded to the throne of Persia acclaimed by the nobility because of a sign at his birth.

The Sassanian dynasty reached a new height in military power and territorial expansion during his reign.

Shapur II acquired several Roman provinces in Mesopotamia by military force, and Armenia by diplomatic means. Domestically he embarked on a general persecution of Christians forcibly converting them to Zoroastrianism which became the state religion.

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