c.215 - 272
King of Persia

Pahlavi Shahpuhr was the son of Ardashir, the founder of the Sassanian dynasty in Persia.

Shapur fought against Rome in Asia Minor and imprisoned the emperor Valerian for the rest of his life.

Shapur ruled over Persian and non-Persian territories, and he tried to find a religion suitable for all his subjects. He tought of his empire as a multinational state in which Manichaesim, enriched by Christian, Buddhist, and Zoroastrian sources, would serve as a unifying bond.

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