37 - 68
Roman Emperor
Nero was proclaimed emperor when the emperor Claudius died of poison. During the first half of his reign, the empire was administered well, mostly on account of his adviser, the philosopher Seneca.

But after A.D. 62 Nero's erratic personal conduct caused numerous revolts and uprisings. Seneca was forced to commit suicide, and Nero had his own mother, and his wife executed.

There is a legend that during a great fire that swept Rome in A.D. 64 Nero played a lyre. (This legend has now been debunked) Later Nero blamed the Christians for the fire and put many of them to death.

In A.D. 68, the Roman armies in Spain revolted and proclaimed their leader, Galba, emperor. Nero fled and committed suicide.

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