180 - 139 BC
Freedom Fighter in Lusitania
Viriathus led a revolt of the Spanish Lusitanians in a guerilla
war against the Romans.
The war had erupted after the Roman Servius Galba, who governed Hispania as propraetor, treacherously massacred thirty thousand of the Lusitanians.
Viriathus inflicted a series of severe defeats
on Roman forces between 147 and 139 BC. He was murdered during
truce negotiations and soon afterwards the rebellion collapsed.
Viriathus is still a revered hero in Portuguese history.