c. 624 - 562 BC
King of Babylon

Nebuchadnessar II (or Nebucha-drezzar) was the king of Babylonia who captured Jerusalem in 586 BC, and destroyed the city. This ended the Judean kingdom, and was the beginning of the 'Babylonian Captivity' of many Jews.

During Nebuchadnessar's reign the Neo-Babylonian empire attained its peak and the city of Babylon its greatest glory. Among many other building projects he built the 'Hanging Gardens' one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.

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