1564 - 1642
Galileo was renowned for his epochmaking contribution to
physics, astronomy, and scientific philosophy.
He is regarded as the Chief founder of modern science.
Galileo was born in Pisa, Italy. He studied medicine at Pisa University, and became professor of mathematics at Padua, where he improved the refracting telescope, with which he found craters on the moon and the moons of Jupiter.
He also observed the phases of Venus which indicated that the planets
circled around the sun rather than the earth.
Galileo was condemed by the Catholic Church for his view of the cosmos based on the theory of Copernicus. Under house arrest in Florence, he continued his research.
Among his other discoveries were the law of uniformly accelerated motion towards the Earth, the parabolic path of projectiles, and the law that all bodies have weight.
www link :
From the University of St.Andrews, Scotland - School of Mathematics