1126 - 1198
Arab Scholar

Ibn Rushd, better known in the Latin West as  Averroes, was the leading Spanish-Muslim philosopher of the Middle Ages.

He was the chief judge of Cordoba (Spain) and personal physician of the caliph. Ibn Rushd wrote numerous books on medicine, religion and philosophy.

His commentaries on Aristotle and Plato are a major source for the understanding of Greek philosophy and his argument that truth derives from reason, not faith, as well as his integration of Christian, Jewish and Islamic scholarship influenced many later thinkers.

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From the Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy