c.470 - c.544 ?
Monk in Italy
Dionysius Exiguus, born in Scythia (now in Russia), arrived in Rome around 496.
He was a highly reputed theologian, mathematician and astronomer. He was well versed in canon law. Credited to him are 401 ecclesiastical canons - including the decrees of the councils of Nicaea, Constantinople, and Chalcedon.
Dionysius also translated many Greek works, and is considered the inventor of the Christian calendar which started a new chronology beginning with year of the Incarnation of Jesus Christ.
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From the Catholic Encyclopedia: