c.870 - c.950
Al-Farabi (also called al-Pharabius in Europe) was one of the most famed of Muslim philosophers. Of Turkish origin he was educated in Farab and Bukhara but spent time in Baghdad and at the court of Prince Sayf al-Dawlah in Aleppo, Syria.
Al-Farabi wrote in the tradition of Aristotle about metaphysics, politics and music. He was renowned as an important translator of Greek writings. He demonstrated how Greek learning could be used to answer questions with which Muslims were struggling.
Al-Farabi saw human reason as being superior to revelation. He maintained that religion provided truth in a symbolic form to non-philosophers, who were not able to comprehend it in its more pure forms.