c.341 - c.271 BC
Epicurus was the founder of Epicureanism, which taught freedom from all fear through the rational knowledge of the limits of our desires.
Epicurus was born on the island of Samos, he later went to Athens where he established a school of philosophy.
He taught that pain, fear of death,
and fear of the gods were the greatest threats to man's happiness. He
wrote that the wise man cut down his desires; that he should live a
temperate life, and so avoid the pain and evile that plague so many people, not
unlike what Buddha preached several hundred years before him.
From the Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy