c.400 - 323 BC
Diogenes was born at Sinope, in Asia Minor. Forced into exile from Sinope he went eventually to Athens, where he was seen wandering the streets in broad daylight with a lantern searching for an honest man.
Diogenes was an exponent of Cynicism, which called for a repudiation of most human convention and complete independence of mind and spirit.
He maintained that a man should be free of all material things. He carried this view to extremes in his own life. He used a tub for shelter and walked the streets barefoot.
Legend has it that when Alexander the Great came to see Diogenes, who was sunning himself, the world conquerer said: 'Ask any favour you wish' Diogenes replied : 'Then I would have you stand from me and the sun'.
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From the Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy