c.575 - c.478 BC
Xenophanes was a Greek poet and philosopher from Ionia (Asia Minor). He traveled to Italy and settled at Elea in southern Italy.
Only fragments of his writings survived
but one gathers that Xenophanes was opposed to the mystical
tendencies of Pythagoras.
But as regards the gods he was an emphatic free thinker. He said that if 'oxen, lions, and horses had hands wherewith they could paint images, they would fashion gods after their own shapes .. the Ethiopians make their gods black; the Thracians say theirs have blue eyes and red hair.'
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