Schubert, Franz

1797 - 1828

Austrian composer who was one of the greatest creators of melody and foremost writer of 'lieder' (German songs).

Throughout his childhood Franz Schubert developed a dedication to music and studied piano, organ, violin and singing.

By 1814 he had already produced a lot of work, including piano pieces, string quartets, his first symphony and a three act opera. Although Schubert was forced to take on a job as a teacher in his father's school, he still continued to compose. He gathered with friends dedicated to Schubert's music, later known as the "Schubertiads". Songs like "Der Wanderer" and "Die Forelle" where introduced.

In 1822 he got infected by syphilis, marking this time as a dark period. But Schubert still kept creating new work like "Schoene Muellerin" the "Eighth Symphony ("The Unfinished")" and a string Quartet d Minor ("Death and the Maiden").

www link :
Biography + music


Carl Maria
von Webern

1786 - 1826

German composer credited as the founder of the German romantic opera (the most popular 'Der Freischutz').

Webern wrote orchestrations of pieces for voice and piano written by several composers; (Bach, Liszt, Schubert, Strauss) reductions of full orchestral Chamber Symphony Op. 9 to chamber ensemble, by Arnold Schoenberg, piano transcriptions of Schoenberg's orchestral songs Op. 8, and a two piano transcriptions of Schoenberg's Five Orchestral Pieces Op. 16.

Perhaps the most famous arrangement, is that of the six voiced ricercare from Bach's Musical Offering (1935), introduced to almost every conservatory student of composition.

Another notable is a piano transcription of Paganiniana Op. 65 by Alfredo Casella.

www link :