Brahms, Johannes

1833 - 1897

German composer in Vienna who was regarded as the foremost Romantic composer of instrumental music in the late 19th century.

Brahms took early lessons in piano, and at twenty he began touring as an accompanist. In 1868 he settled in Vienna. He soon composed two works: the German Requiem and his orchestral Variations on a Theme by Haydn.

His first symphony was premiered in 1876 to great acclaim, and Brahms was hailed as the true successor of Beethoven. This was followed by three other symphonies, all of which have become standards of repertory. Besides symphonies he composed concerti, chamber music, piano works, and over 200 songs.

Both a classical and Romantic composer his works provide a link in the evolution of German music.