Malory, Sir Thomas
English writer who - in prison for rape and robbery - composed the 'Le Morte d'Arthur', codifying the mythic narrative of a Celtic king whose exploits came to symbolize the idealized values of chivalry to which medieval society aspired.
The legends of
King Arthur, were first begun in 1147 as a Chronicle by Geoffrey of Monmouth in Latin.
Malory's version and translation was printed in 1485.
He lived mostly in London
where he joined a theatrical company.
Marlowe's life was short and violent: he was killed in a fight in taverne.
After he refused to acknowledge the king, Henry VIII, rather than the Pope, as head of the church Sir Thomas More was imprisoned and executed.
www link :
1495 ? -1553 ?
Rabelais is the author of a comic and satirical masterpiece, 'Gargantua and Pantagruel' in which he sought to liberate the late Middle Ages from the superstitions that confined man.
His works are among the most hilarious classics of world literature.
Hans Sachs wrote 4,000 songs, many poems and verse dramas. Some were religious and celebrating the Reformation, others are dealing with common life in a cheerful and humorous style. Sachs is idealized in Wagner's opera 'Die Meistersinger von Nurnberg' composed in 1868.
Forgotten after his death, Sachs was rediscovered two centuries later by Goethe.
www link :