His revolutionary enthusiasm led to his banishment in 1820 for several years. In 1831 he published 'Eugene Onegin' - a satirical poem on fashionable society, and 'Boris Godunov' - a tragedy. During his life Pushkin wrote some 800 lyrics with a dozen narrative poems.
The frivolous social life of his wife led Pushkin into debt and eventually to his early death as result of a duel with his wife's brother-in-law.
He trained as a doctor and practised throughout most of his literary career.
He wrote several plays which made him famous also outside of Russia - 'The Seagull', 'Uncle Vanya', 'Three Sisters' and 'The Cherry Orchard'.
Turgenev portrayed realistically the peasantry and the rising intelligentsia in its attempt to move the country into a new age, and remains one of the major figures of the 19th century Russian literature.