He became a famous historian and essayist and became one of the greatest historians ever. His 'History of England' is considered a classic.
He was also a member of Parliament in 1830 and also of the Supreme Court of India (1834-38).
After 1897 Maugham turned to writing full-time. He is best known for his short stories, particularly 'Rain'.
Maugham travelled to Tahiti on which is based his novel
'The Moon and Sixpence'. Later on he returned to the Far East
which resulted in many short stories, plays and novels such as
'East of Suez', 'Our Betters' and 'The Letter' 'Travels in India'
In 1829 he left Russia and travelled in Germany, France, and Italy,
eventually settling in Paris where he wrote 'Books of the Polish Nation and its
Pilgrimage' and his great poetic epic 'Pan Tadeusz'.
During the Italian revolution he organized the Polish legion, then returned to Paris where he edited the 'Peoples Tribune'.
During the second World War he was war correspondent for the BBC and the Observer.
Orwell's two best-known books reflect his lifelong distrust of auto-cratic government, whether of the left or right: 'Animal Farm', a modern beast-fable attacking Stalinism; and 'Nineteen Eighty-Four' (1949), a novel setting forth his fears of an intrusively bureaucratized state of the future.
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