His early poetry and novels were written in English but his works after 1951
all were published first in French. His most famous plays
are 'Waiting for Godot' (1954) describing that life means waiting, killing time and
clinging to the hope that relief may just be around the corner,
Beckett was the first of the absurdists to win international fame. His characters exist in a terrible dreamlike vacuum, overcome by an overwhelminh sense of bewilderment and grief, grotesquely attempting some form of communication, the crawling on, endlessly.
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In Greece he wrote two cantos of 'Child Harold', which made him famous. His other works include 'Manfred' and 'Don Juan'.
His reputation was made with his satirical novels 'Crome Yellow' and 'Antic Hay'. His best-known work is 'Brave New World', where he warns of the dangers of dehumanization in a scientific age. He also experimented with drugs; on his deathbed Aldous ingested two doses of LSD.
His early work includes some short stories, but his best-known book is 'Ulysses', based on one day in Dublin. It is considered one of the most important novel of modern times.
Joyce' work revolutionized the novel form, partly through the abandonment of ordinary plot for 'stream of consciousness', but also through his unprecedented exploration of language.