Borges, Jorge Luis
Borges is an Argentine writer famous for his intricate fantastic short stories.
He was born in Buenos Aires, studied there and at Geneva and Cambridge. From 1918 he was in Spain, where he was a member of an avant-garde literary group.
After he returned to Argentina he
published several collections, including 'Ficciones', 'El Aleph', and
'El Hacedor' meaning 'Dreamtigers'.
He studied law at Athens, spent some years travelling in Europe and Asia, and achieved his greatest success as a novelist with 'Vios kai politia tou Alexi Zormpa' (Zorba the Greek), which was written in 1946 and filmed in 1964.
He further published philosophic essays, tragedies, and poetry. He also translated western classics into Greek.
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He wrote much poetry and prose - 'Operette Morali',
'Canti' and translations from the Classics.
He was born in Fuente Vaqueros, studied law at Granada, but soon turned to the arts. He published 'Canciones' (Book of Songs), then 'Romancero Gitano' (The Gypsy Ballads), and wrote several plays, like 'Bodas de Sangre' (Blood Wedding), 'Yerma', and 'La Casa de Bernarda Alba'.
In 1936 he became the leader of a group of anti-fascist intellectuals and was assassinated in the Spanish Civil War.
In 1924 he published 'Veinte poemas de amor y una cancion desesperada' (20 Love Poems and a Song of Despair). His other works include 'Residencia en la tierra' (Residence on Earth) and 'Canto general' (General Song).
After 1927 he held diplomatic posts in various East Asian and European countries. Neruda became recognized as one of the most fertile and original poets in the Spanish language. He was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1971.
'Francesca da Rimini' brought him fame but he is best known for 'Le Mie Prigioni',
a description of his sufferings while imprisoned by the Austrians for his