Austen, Jane


Jane Austen was an English novelist, who spent her life in middle-class society, which she described intimately and with ironical humour. Her novels are highly prized not only for their light humour, but also for their underlying serious qualities.

In her novels, the most famous which are 'Sense and Sensibility', 'Mansfield Park','Emma', and 'Persuasion'.


Bunyan, John

English religious writer. who served in Cromwell's army as a boy. He became a Baptist and preacher, for which he was imprisoned.

He was kept in jail for twelve years. Many of Bunyan's books were written during that time. But his famous religious tract 'Pilgrim's progress' was probably written during later imprisonment.

Other works are 'Life and Death of Mr. Badman', 'The Holy War' and 'Grace Abounding to the Chief of Sinners' Bunyan's spritual autobiography.


Burns, Robert


Scottish poet, son of a farmer of Ayrshire. The success of the poems he wrote in the Scottish dialect enabled him to move to Edinburgh, where he wrote some 300 lyrics, of which the best known are 'Poems, Chiefly in the Scottish Dialect' ,'Tam o'Shanter', 'The Cottar's Saturday Night', 'To a Mountain Daisy', 'Comin' thro the Rye' and 'Auld Lang Syne'.

A collection of Scottish folk songs, titled 'The Scots Musical Museum', was published in 5 volmes over sixteen years.

In 1895, Burns was inspired by the French Revolution to write 'For a' that and a' that', his cry for human equality.

Robert Burns gained more fame after his death than ever did during his lifetime and many of his songs and poems have become international favourites.


Defoe, Daniel

English novelist and journalist. After participating in a rebellion he fled to Holland where he joined William of Orange. After his return to England in 1695 he wrote political pamphlets in support of the Whigs for which he was imprisoned.

Perhaps in reaction to the dangers in political commenatries Dafoe in 1719 turned to fiction.
He is best remembered for 'Robinson Crusoe', 'Moll Flanders' and 'A Journal of the Plague Year'.