Venetian artist who was one of the greatest sculptors of Neoclassicism.
He studied in Venice and Rome, where became famous for his 'Theseus Vanquishing the Minotaur'. His works include the tomb of Pope Clement XIV; the Stuart monument for St. Peter's Church; and the monument of Georg Washington for Raleigh, NC.
In 1802, at the request of Napoleon I, he went to Paris and modelled a colossal statue of Napoleon. He also worked in Vienna, and later, in Paris again. A design which Canova had made for Titian's tomb was used for his own in S.Maria dei Frari, Venice.
French painter who ended the naturalistic style and laid the groundwork for modern styles like Cubism.
Born in Aix-en-Provence, he went to Paris in 1861. There Cezanne learned from Manet, Monet and Pissarro, but received much criticism from other artists for his rough style. He later spent much time in Aix-en-Provence, where he could work alone and undisturbed. Although he formed his style in the company of the Impressionists, it was actually an extension of that movement into something new.
Impressionism concentrated on effects of momentary light obtained through small strokes of color. Cezanne wanted an effect of more permance and captured basic forms in his paintings. This insistence on form later influenced the Cubists.
Chagall went to Paris in 1910 and lived for many years in France.
He painted dreamlike pictures with brilliantly colored images recalled from his childhood in Russia. His work treats subjects in a vein of humor and fantasy that draws deeply on the resources of the uncon-scious. Chagall's rich imaginationn has a lyric quality seldom found among contemporary painters.
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