The homeland of the Manchu was to the northeast of China in an area
called Manchuria. In 1600 Nurhachi united the Mongol Tungu tribes to
form the nation of the Manchu.
At the same time the Chinese Ming empire had disintegrated as a result of rebel uprisings.
In 1644 the Chinese capital at Peking was captured by a bandit general.
Summoned to their aid by Ming troops, the Manchu entered Peking and took
over the government. After subjugating South China the Manchus established
the Ch'ing dynasty which ruled China from 1644 until 1911.