After the Greek victory over the Persians the Greek statesman Pericles spent the war hoard for the beautification of Athens, the crowning glory of which was the Parthenon.

The name Parthenon refers to the cult of the goddess Athena Parthenos. The temple sits on the hill of the Acropolis overlooking Athens. It was built (447 - 438 BC) by the architects Callicartes and Ictinus under the supervison of the famous sculptor Phidias.