Homo sapiens sapiens is the earliest forms of a modern human being. They first began to appear nearly 200,000 years ago in association with technologies not unlike those of the early Neandertals. Modern humans evolved from archaic humans primarily in East Africa.

A 195,000 year old fossil from Ethiopia shows the beginnings of the skull changes that we associate with modern people, including a rounded skull case and possibly a projecting chin.

They did not appear in the Old World until 60,000-40,000 years ago.

The Cro-Magnon were the first early modern humans (early Homo sapiens sapiens) of the European Upper Paleolithic in Europe. The earliest known remains of Cro-Magnon-like humans are radiometrically dated to 35,000 before present.

The term "Cro-Magnon" soon came to be used in a general sense to describe the oldest modern people in Europe. By the 1970s the term was used for any early modern human the World over.

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Cro Magnon