Chinese Civil War
1628 - 1644
The Manchus
About 1600 Nurhachi united Tungu tribes in SE. Manchuria to form the nation of the Manchu and gave it tight military organization. The Manchus seized Mukden which became the capital after 1625.

The End of the Ming Dynasty
The Ming emperor in Peking was a weak ruler, as a result revolts broke out everywhere. Soldiers discontented with their pay and peasants suffering from famine, organized large bands which set about pillaging the countryside.

In 1644 they marched against Peking. The imperial court was completly unprepared. The army was stationed far from the capital were it was holding back the Manchus. The rebels marched on Peking, where traitors opened the gates for them. The freightend emperor hanged himself so as not to fall into the hands of the rebels alive.

Summoned to their aid by Ming troops, the Manchu entered Peking in 1644 and took over the government, establishing thus the Manchu Dynasty which ruled China from 1644 to 1911.