|Brief African Chronology since 1800|
1805-48 Mohammed Ali rules Egypt.
(Egypt breaks away from the Ottoman empire).
1814 Cape Colony in south Africa ceded
c. 1816-28 Shaka rules Zulu nation in South Africa.
1822 Liberia founded in West Africa as home
1830 French invade Algeria
1832-47 Abd-al-Kadir leads Arab resistance
1836-37 The Great Trek of Boers (Dutch
1852 Tukolor leader al-Hajj 'Umar launches
1852 In South Africa, Britain recognizes
1853-56 Dr David Livingstone crosses Africa
1855-68 Reign of Emperor Theodore
1865-68 Wars between Orange Free State
1872 Cape Colony in South Africa granted
1879 Zulu war with the British.
1880-81 First Boer War, Transvaal
1885 Conference in Berlin
1885 The Mahdi (Muslim leader) takes
1896 France takes Madagascar.
1896 Ethiopian ruler Menelik crushes Italian army
1899-1902 Second Boer War in South Africa.
1904 France creates Federation of
1905 Maji-Maji rebellion begins in Tanzania
1908 Belgium takes over Congo Free State.
1910 Union of South Africa.
1912 French make Morocco a Protectorate.
1914 Britain and France occupy German colonies
1921-26 Abd-el-Krim leads Berbers and Arabs
1922 Egypt becomes independent from Britain
1930 Haile Selassie crowned emperor of Ethiopia.
1935-36 Italians under Mussolini invade and
1941 Ethiopia liberated from Italians by
Independence struggle for African states
1951 Libya gains independence.
1952-59 Mau-Mau guerrilla war against
1954-62 War for independence in Algeria.
1960 18 African nations gain independence.
1991 Abolition of Apartheid laws in S'Africa.
1993 Mandela elected President of S'Africa.
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