Shah Abbas I
Shah Abbas was king of the Safavid dynasty in Persia from 1588 until 1629.
The Safavids descended from Sheykh Safi od-Din who led a Sufi order in the 13th century. The order represented a puritanical reaction against the sullying of Islam by the Mongol infidels who had ruled Persia under the Il-Khans during the 13th century.
Shah Abbas strengthened the Safavid dynasty when the old Sufi bands were replaced by a standing army.
He expelled Ottoman und Uzbeks troops from Persian soil and promoted commerce and the arts, so that Persian artistic achievement reached a high point during his reign.
He moved his capital to Isfahan, which became
one of the most beautiful cities in the world, with spacious boulevards
and a grandiose square.