The Hellenistic kdm of Pergamum flourished 263-133 B.C. on the West coast of Asia Minor.

The city of Pergamum was one of the most beautiful of all Greek cities. It had a library excelled only by that at Alexandria, Egypt. Its monuments included a theatre and the great altar of Zeus, a masterpiece of Hellenistic art.

When the last king of Pergamum died without an heir he bequeated his kingdom to Rome (133 B.C.) Rome accepted it and set up the province Asia.