Egyptian architect and priest

Imhotep was the world's first named architect who built Egypt's first pyramid, and was also a doctor, priest, sage, poet, astrologer, and chief minister to Djoser, the second king of Egypt's third dynasty.

As a physician, Imhotep is believed to have been the author of a papyrus text in which more than 90 anatomical terms and 48 injuries are described.

He may have also founded a school of medicine in Memphis, a part of his cult center possibly known as Asklepion, which remained famous for two thousand years. All of this occurred some 2,200 years before the Western Father of Medicine, Hippocrates, was born.

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Feature story: Imhotep