Ruler of Ur
The 3rd dynasty of Ur (21th cent. BC) brought about a Sumerian Renaissance.
Shulgi brought the empire of
Like the Akkadian kings, he proclaimed himself the divine 'King of the Four Quarters' and built himself a mausoleum.
Hammurabi brought Babylon to its 150-year rule over southern Mesopotamia, known as the Old Babylonian Kingdom. He systematically unified all of the old world of Sumer and Akkad under his strongly centralized government.
He was an Amorite, the name given to a Semitic group that settled in the Fertile Crescent about 2000 B.C. Hammurabi made Babylon one of the great cities of the ancient world.
In the first year of his reign Hammurabi fulfilled a promise to the Babylonian god Marduk and established an extensive law system which encompassed nearly every area of ancient life. The Code of Hammurabi was over 300 paragraphs long and included sections on social, moral, religious, commercial and civil law.
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