A small sample of certain words, indispensable for the articulate communication of thoughts and experiences, introduced by Aristotle:
analytika (Greek: to unravel) used for logic;

subject and predicate in grammar and logic;

form and matter as expressing the two correlative aspects of something that is possibly essential to it;

energy as the active power inherent in a thing;

potential for what is latent (dormant) but can be released;

substance (most important part of anything)
essence (all that makes a thing what it is);

genus and species (general, special);

quantity and quality

We should always remember that the Western pursuit of science would have been unthinkable without the definitions and vocabulary introduced by Aristotle.