Herrad of Landsberg
According to the August 1998 Harmonia Mundi catalogue:
"The twelfth century was a period of astonishing musical innovation. It provided a rich and stimulating background to the melodic inventiveness of Hildegard von Bingen and the insatiable curiosity of Herred von Landsberg, whose encyclopedia, Hortus deliciarum 'Garden of Delights,' ends on a festive note with a collection of chants and hymns. Opus 111's recording also includes revealing examples of musical repertories familiar to the two abbesses."
works from the Hortus Deliciarum :
Sol oritur occasus nescius (conduit)
works by Hildegard of Bingen
O rubor sanguinis
song text for Veri floris sub figura
The pious zeal of our priest
The beauty of a flower does not decrease
The craftsman, through his skill,
From this fire of piety
By these manifold meanings
WOMEN MUSICIANS, from Herrad of Landsberg's encyclopedia, "Garden of Delights"
Illustrations and information on Herrad of Landsberg can be found in most women artists historical surveys. The following note is from "Women, Art and Society," by Whitney Chadwick (Thames & Hudson, 1990):
"In 1167 Herrad was elected Abbess of Hohenburg near Strasbourg. The Hortus Delicariarum," a massive folio of 324 sheets of parchment, had 636 miniatures which were probably executed in a professional workshop in Strasbourg shortly after her death in 1195. Both an anthology and a religious encyclopedia, it includes nearly 1200 texts by various authors, as well as several poems which appear to be in Herrad's hand. In addition to her literary and editorial work, she almost certainly supervised the scheme of the illustrations and she may have contributed to the outline drawings. The manuscript remained in the Abbey of Hohenburg throughout the Middle Ages. Tragically, the bombing of Strasbourg in 1870 destroyed the original and we are left with only a small number of illustrations reproduced in engravings during the nineteenth century and a few fragments with pictures later acquired by the British Museum....
"Herrad dedicated the Hortus Deliciarum" to the nuns of her convent:
"...The subjects of the Hortus Deliciarum come from a long tradition in Western and Byzantine art, but their fresh and spontaneous treatment, and the author's close attention to the costumes, life, and manners of her age, have made the work a unique and valuable source for our understanding of life at the time. Herrad's decision to add to each picture the name of every person or implement in Latin or German, or sometimes both, has greatly assisted modern research into medieval terms and their usage."