Polish physicist famous for her investigation of radioactivity,
a term she introduced first. Together with her husband Pierre
she discovered that uranium ore contained more radioactivity than
could be accounted for by the uranium itself. From tons of uranium ore
she isolated small amounts of two highly radioactive new chemical
elements, and named them radium and polonium.
She won the Nobel prize twice,
first - jointly with her husband and Henry Becquerel - for the
discovery of radium and polonium, and later - by herself - for the isolation of pure radium.
She died from leukemia thought to be an effect
of her experiments with radiation.
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