1133 - 1189
King of England
Henry II was duke of Normandy, count of Anjou, and acquired
Aquitaine through marriage which meant that he possessed
more land in Europe than the king of France when he succeeded
to the throne of England in 1154.
In 1171 Henry II initiated the conquest of Ireland. He curbed the power of the Roman Church in England.
The archbishop of Canterbury, Thomas a Becket, resisted the kings opposition to Rome and was murdered. The last years of Henry II were overshadowed by the revolt of his sons among them Richard I the Lion-Heart and John 'the Landless'.
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The Medieval Sourcebook: