121 - 180
Roman Emperor
Marc Aurelius, was one of the five so-called 'good emperors' of ancient Rome. He was born in Rome and succeeded Antoninus Pius who had adopted him at the request of the emperor Hadrian.

This philosopher-king was a convinced Stoic, known for his fondeness of sharing power and willingness to forgive. But he was forced into endless military campaigns against Barbarian raiders from the East. As a writer his fame rests on his 'Meditations'.

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From the Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy