163 - 133 BC
Tiberius Gracchus was elected tribune of the people in Rome.
He initiated a land-reform to help impoverished citizens after the exhausting Punic wars. He was slain by the aristicoratic opposition when he sought re-election.
His brother, Gaius Gracchus (154 -121), put back in effect the laws his brother had made, and tried to turn Rome into a democracy. Gaius Gracchus proposed to grant full citizenship to all Italic allies.
Gaius was re-elected
tribune a second time but when he failed to win office a third
time, there were riots, during which Gaius was killed.