235 - 183 BC
Publius Cornelius Scipio Africanus, the Elder, was a Roman general who fought the Carthagian armies in Spain and defeated them. He drove Hasdrubal, Hannibal's brother, out of Spain. Then he invaded Africa from Sicily. This act caused Hannibal to leave Italy and return to Africa to fight Scipio.
Scipio studied Hannibal's tactics and brilliantly devised some of his own.
In 202 BC Scipio defeated Hannibal at the final battle of the Second Punic War at Zama.
Carthage capitulated and had to surrender her war fleet.
For his victory in North Africa Scipio was called