484 - 425 BC
King of Persia

Artaxerxes I was king of the Achaemenid kingdom in Persia.

He succeeded his father, Xerxes, to the throne in 465 BC.

Artaxerxes reign was generally peaceful and he showed tolerance toward the Jews. But he had to supress several revolts in Egypt and Bactria. The Athenians had supported the revolt in Egypt but in 448 a peace treaty with Greece ended the fighting.

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