Eamon de Valera
Leader of the Sinn Fein party and President of the Irish Parliament while imprisoned in England (1918-9).
Valera refused to accept the Irish
independence treaty in 1921. He became Prime Minister of the
Irish Free State, 1937-48, and again - following full independence -
in 1951-4 and 1957-9. He was President of the Irish Republic 1959-73.
During her reign Great Britain
reached the greatest extent of her world empire. Queen Victoria attached great significance to her
right to be consulted about foreign affairs and she became a symbol of national and imperial unity.
A member of various Conservative Cabinets he became
Prime Minister 1828-30 and opposition leader after the passiong of the Reform Act (1832).
For a time Wilson won fame as the world's greatest leader after the war, but his advocacy of the League of Nations, which the US Senate repudiated, and illness diminished his stature toward the end.
Once in Peking the Manchus set up their own Ch'ing dynasty. Wu San-Kuei refused appeals to
aid a restoration of the Ming emperors, serving first the Manchus instead, and then attempting to
set up his own Chou dynasty, invading central China in 1674. He died of dysentry before the
rebellion was crushed.
He fought against the dicatator Huerta in 1913;
and the with Pancho Villa against the government of Carranza. He was ambushed and assassinated.