Juan Domingo Peron
Argentine Head of State
Entered the army in 1911, Minister of War, became President in 1945 with strong backing from the trade union movemement.
Removed from office during
the 1955 revolution and exiled to Spain, he returned und was again elected to the presidency, 1973.
Had a leading role in the coalition
against France on the outbreak of the Revolutionary Wars; passed the Act of
Union with Ireland; resigned after George III refused to grant Catholic emancipation
but was recalled to organise new opposition to the French.
His aim to unite all Sikh territories in India was
thwarted by the British. He inflicted many defeats on Afghans and Pathans in
the 1820s and 1830s, and jointly with the British invaded Afghanistan in 1838.
He led the radical Jacobin faction, and played a leading role in the 1793 overthrow of the Girondins.
As member of the Committee of Public Safety
(1793-4), he became virtual dictator, establishing Terror and eliminating
his rivals Hebert and Danton. Overthrown himself and executed after the
coup d'etat of July 1794.
He succeeded to the presidency in 1900 after the assassination of President McKinley. He acquired the Panama Canal Zone in 1903; left office in 1909, and failed to win back the presidency in 1912.
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