Emperor of Ethiopia
A relative of Emperor Menelik II he became emperor himself in 1930.
He took Ethiopia into the League of Nations and introduced a Parliament.
He was driven out by the Italian occupation of 1936-41; he led the
reconquest with British aid. The famine of 1974 and an armed mutiny
provoked a revolution which deposed him.
In order to pacify the nation Henry converted to the Catholic faith uttering the words: 'Paris is well worth a mass'. After his coronation the new king drove the Spaniards out of Paris declaring war on the Spanish king, Philip II.
In 1598 he promulgated the Edict of Nantes, which granted the
Protestants their religious and political freedom.
By 1590 he had conquered the whole of Japan. Then he decided to conquer the world, which for him meant the conquest of China.
In 1592 he invaded Korea, his passage to China. His armies overran
almost all of Korea, but were stopped when they met the armies of China,
which had come to the aid of its Korean satellite.
In 1926 he became the 124th
successor to the legendary first emperor Jimmu and served as a sacred symbol
for the Japanese nation until 1945 when he ended centuries of public imperial
silence to broadcast Japan's surrender to the Americans. He then became a
constitutional monarch with restricted powers.
Ho emerged as leader of the Viet Minh guerillas and declared Vietnam independence in 1945. He was elected President of Vietnam but the French colonial troops regained power in 1946.
He played a dominant role in the independence war against France (1946-52)
and the war against the United States from 1959 until his death.