c.1325 - 1389
Hafiz was the poetic name of Shams ud-Din Mohammed which, in Arabic, means 'one who knows the Koran by heart'. He was the most celebrated Persian lyric poet and is often described as a poet's poet.
Hafiz was born in Shiraz, Persia. As a theologian he preached tolerance, as a poet he produced over 700 poems collected in a work called 'divan'. They are to be found at the home of most Iranians who recite his poems by heart and use as proverb and saying to this day. The major themes of his poems are love, the celebration of wine and intoxication, and exposing the hypocrisy of those who have set themselves up as guardians, judges, and examples of moral rectitude.
Hafiz' poems are considered one of the highpoints of Persian poetry. His tomb in Shiraz is a masterpiece of Iranian architecture and visited often.
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