27 - c. 100
Wang-Ch'ung was one of the most original thinkers of the Han period. Wang-Ch'ung developed a materialistic philosophy in contrast to Confucianism.
A rationalist, he insisted that any theory must be supported by concrete evidence and experimental proof. He rejected superstition and the immortality of the souls, and dared attack the belief in omens and portents of a debased Confucian system.
His philosophy was to advanced for his time, and Wang-Chung did
not gain popularity until the twenthieth century. His work 'Lun-heng'
has only recently been translated into English ('Disquisitions, 1911').