Baudelaire, Charles Pierce
Born in Paris, he led an extravagant life; he joined the revolutionaries in 1848.
Known as a literary critic and translator of E.A.Poe.
A controversial figure in his lifetime, Baudelaire's name has become a byword for literary and artistic decadence. At the same time his works, in particular his book of poetry Les Fleurs du mal (The Flowers of Evil), have been acknowledged as classics of French literature.
Born in Paris, she studied philosophy with Sartre at the Sorbonne, and became his companion until his death in 1980. Closely associated with Sartre's literary activities after the war, she founded the literary magazine 'Les Temps modernes' in 1945. Her own works provide existentialism with a feminine sensibility, notably her masterpiece 'Les Mandarins'.
Her most famous philosophical work 'The Second Sex', heralded a feminist revolution and remains to this day a central text in the investigation of women's oppresssion and liberation.
Active in the French resistance during the war, he became co-editor with Sartre of the newspaper Combat after the liberation. He earned an international reputation with his nihilistic novel, 'L'Etranger' (The Stranger). Later novels include 'The Plague' and 'The Fall'.
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