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Borges, Jorge Luis
1899-1986




Borges is an Argentine writer famous for his intricate fantastic short stories.

He was born in Buenos Aires, studied there and at Geneva and Cambridge. From 1918 he was in Spain, where he was a member of an avant-garde literary group.

After he returned to Argentina he published several collections, including 'Ficciones', 'El Aleph', and 'El Hacedor' meaning 'Dreamtigers'.

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Kazantzakis, Nikos
1883 -1957




Greek writer, born in Heraklion, Crete.

He studied law at Athens, spent some years travelling in Europe and Asia, and achieved his greatest success as a novelist with 'Vios kai politia tou Alexi Zormpa' (Zorba the Greek), which was written in 1946 and filmed in 1964.

He further published philosophic essays, tragedies, and poetry. He also translated western classics into Greek.

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Leopardi, Giacomo
1798-1837





Count Giacomo Leopardi, was an Italian poet, born at Recanati of noble family. Educated at home by priests he became well versed in the classics at an early age.

He wrote much poetry and prose - 'Operette Morali', 'Canti' and translations from the Classics.

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Lorca, F. Garcia
1898-1936




Spanish poet and musician, whose plays and tragic poems rank him among the greatest of 20th century poets.

He was born in Fuente Vaqueros, studied law at Granada, but soon turned to the arts. He published 'Canciones' (Book of Songs), then 'Romancero Gitano' (The Gypsy Ballads), and wrote several plays, like 'Bodas de Sangre' (Blood Wedding), 'Yerma', and 'La Casa de Bernarda Alba'.

In 1936 he became the leader of a group of anti-fascist intellectuals and was assassinated in the Spanish Civil War.

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Neruda, Pablo
1904-73




Poet, born in Parral, Chile. Pablo Neruda studied at Santiago, and began to write poetry at an early age.

In 1924 he published 'Veinte poemas de amor y una cancion desesperada' (20 Love Poems and a Song of Despair). His other works include 'Residencia en la tierra' (Residence on Earth) and 'Canto general' (General Song).

After 1927 he held diplomatic posts in various East Asian and European countries. Neruda became recognized as one of the most fertile and original poets in the Spanish language. He was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1971.

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Pellico, Silvio
1789-1854




Italian poet, living mostly in Milan where he taught French to the sons of Count Porro, in whose home he met Byron and Mdm de Stael.

His tragedy 'Francesca da Rimini' brought him fame but he is best known for 'Le Mie Prigioni', a description of his sufferings while imprisoned by the Austrians for his revolutionary activities.

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Biography