Fischer, von Erlach
Johann Fisher von Erlach was an Austrian architect who inaugurated the Austrian Baroque, a new style mixing elements of Renaissance and Antiquity. In Rome Fischer had studied and sketched ancient Roman ruins, as well as architecture of the Baroque and Renaissance periods before returning to Vienna.
Italian painter who helped pioneer Renaissance methods of art in Florence.
Fra Angelico was a Dominican monk and covered the walls of his monastery - San Marco in Florence - with religious images. His strong, plain figures in measured space reflected the newer ideas of his time, but he continued to use the bright, unshadowed colors that were traditional.
Recognised as one of the most important painters of the Renaissance Francesca painted religious works that are marked by their simple serenity and clarity.
In his own time he was also known as a highly competent mathemati-cian. His most important treaties were the 'Abacus treatise'; the 'Short book on the five regular solids'; and 'On perspective for painting' which is the first treatise to deal with the mathematics of perspective, a technique for giving an appearance of the third dimension in two-dimensional works such as paintings or sculptured reliefs.
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